Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health (CCAYH)

I question numerous life decisions I make but attending this congress is not one of them. The entire experience was high energy, building momentum from day one. Sharing the same space with so many influential and dynamic young and “youngish” leaders across the Caribbean really made me more receptive to differences in ideas, opinions and circumstances.

The youth congress facilitated communication between the youth and the policymakers. The forum pioneered a new dynamic for discussions about youth health involving youth at every stage. It was a catalyst to drive the change in the Caribbean’s approach to youth and adolescent health issues. The congress was extremely productive with the creation of a roadmap for youth health, detailing its goals and objectives.

Being the first of its kind there were a few hiccups but the content, engagement and networking made up for it. The plenary sessions captured my attention the most since it was an early morning session, and my mind was still fresh. It allowed for a holistic discussion with all of the participants, and this invoked a sense of inclusivity at every level.

This congress was a great experience to not only share my ideas and learn from others but to ensure the information gathered would be disseminated to our respective peer groups and organisations.

Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health (CCAYH)

On 15 October 2019, the first-ever Caribbean Council on Adolescence and Youth Health was held. It lasted for three days and was filled with individuals of various Caribbean countries and well-known organisations. It was a launch-pad where advocates, health and social workers, policy-makers, academia, clinicians and young people heeded the call for improved health and well-being of adolescents and young people for the future development of the Region.

Over the three days, I attended several sessions from different tracks and thematic focus. The sessions were excellent, the content was relevant and addressed issues affecting adolescents and young people in an honest, transparent and meaningful way. I particularly liked the smaller, more intimate sessions that ran concurrently and I wish that I could have attended them all. I was most interested in the session that dealt with mental health. As I listened to the presentations and experiences, the challenges of being an adolescent in a time where bullying is pervasive, academic competition is fierce, and support systems are lacking, resonated with me. As adolescents, we are indeed living in a time that requires careful navigation to protect our mental health.

All of the sessions were interactive, and I gained a lot of knowledge.

I am extremely grateful that I had the opportunity to attend such an important event, and I hope that I can participate in many more in the future.

I enjoyed the conference. It was my first, and I am incredibly grateful to the Pan- American Health Organisation (PAHO) for granting me this unique opportunity. I appreciated the idea of creating a conference that focused on adolescent health, and including adolescents in the decision-making when it comes to their health.

Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health

The Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health (CCAYH) was a great initiative, as it was a different approach to resolving the issues affecting this demographic.  This was my first experience at such an event, and I was excited to be part of it.

The Congress was well organised, and a lot of pertinent information was presented. I liked the parallel sessions as these were smaller activities that allowed presenters to share more in-depth experiences, research and studies.

I enjoyed the sessions dealing with substance abuse and mental health. They were most interesting to me. The information remained with me, as the statistics put a lot into perspective in relation to what is really happening with young people and adolescents in the Caribbean. I was impressed with a presenter during the mental health session who was very courageous to speak about her struggles with mental health. I think this was an excellent way to educate and help us understand the complexity and hardships of mental health.

This congress gave me exposure and a wealth of knowledge. I am very thankful for the opportunity to experience and network with my Caribbean counterparts.

“Nothing for us, without us” – Reflection from the Caribbean Congress on Youth and Adolescent Health (CCAYH)

Arriving in Port-of-Spain on 14 October 2019, the air was abuzz with anticipation, excitement and curiosity from everyone attending the Caribbean Congress on Youth and Adolescent Health (CCAYH). This conference, which was the first of its kind, provided a unique opportunity for youth from all over the Caribbean to engage with experts in various fields regarding their own health, and a real chance for the voices of young people to be heard and taken into consideration. This was highlighted during the opening ceremony and was echoed throughout the conference: “Nothing for us, without us”.

The three days of the Congress, although hectic, were full of information sessions that were interesting, innovative, eye-opening and relevant, not just to the Caribbean, but in particular to Caribbean youth and adolescents. The participants were actively engaged in panel discussions, smaller focus group sessions, knowledge cafes, and social events- all of which served  to foster the exchange of information,  bring the participants closer together and create a sense of community working with a common purpose and for a common goal to improve health and development of the Region’s adolescent and youth. At the very onset of the Congress, participants connected and rallied around the different issues ranging from climate change and its impact on our health to the importance of achieving optimal mental health at a time when adolescents and young adults continue to grapple with bullying, societal acceptance and the need to succeed in a highly competitive environment. The networking opportunities and connections made were invaluable. We shared and appreciated the diversity in our opinions and experiences as we learned from each other.

We committed to staying in touch, to continue the advocacy for youth health and development and to build on the excellent momentum created by the Congress.

Of particular interest to me, was the fact that mental health in the Caribbean was prominently highlighted during the course of the Congress. As this was my interest area, and the area I presented on at the Congress, I was extremely happy to see Caribbean youth take such an interest and recognize the importance of promoting mental health awareness and mental health advocacy in the region. In addition to Mental Health and Substance Abuse, the other tracks presented on at the Congress were 1. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights 2. Nutrition, Physical Activity, Sports and Youth Development and 3. Climate Change and the environment. All of these areas are significant to adolescent and youth health, and I was happy to see that the organizers and participants recognized this and participated actively in all of the sessions.

Overall, the Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health was a positive experience. At the end of the three days, a roadmap based on the discussions and recommendations from the various sessions was developed, and both the organizers and youth pledged to play an active role in implementing it. I look forward to seeing this roadmap implemented, and the positive changes it will bring. I also look forward to more events like this, as I think it was a great learning experience and of benefit not only to the individual participants but to youth development in the Caribbean region as well.

World AIDS Day 2019: Highlighting how Communities make the difference: A view from the Caribbean

Communities are supported to exercise their powers to choose, know and demand that governments accelerate their efforts to achieve HIV, health and development goals” –Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director UNAIDS.

 World AIDS Day provides the ideal occasion to join scientists, activists, practitioners and People Living with and affected by AIDS around the world in celebrating the successes that have been achieved. In the Caribbean  55 % of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) are on treatment compared with less than 5% in 2001, deaths from AIDS  are  one quarter of what it was in 2001 because of access to treatment, seven Caribbean countries out of 11 worldwide have achieved the elimination of mother to child transmission of HIV, and congenital Syphilis and four others are in close range of this achievement. There is even the  aspiration that AIDS, based on the 90-90-90 UNAIDS Targets  can be ended by 2030, if by next year, 90% of persons with HIV get tested, 90% that are tested positive are on treatment and 90% of those on treatment have viral suppression at a level  that does not transmit the disease.   Yet there are indications that at best only three Caribbean countries are on track to achieve these targets and the need for caution against complacency that will contribute to reversing these gains.

The Convergence of Community-Led Organizations and Community-Led Responses 

This year it is appropriate that World AIDS Day focuses on communities.  They make a difference.  Whether as Community-led organisations or as Community-led responses, they represent the voices of the marginalised. They champion the causes for inclusiveness and equality that are fundamentals of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

Community-led organisations comprise identifiable groups or networks that are determined by and respond to the needs and aspirations of their constituents. Community-led responses provide strategies that seek to improve the health and human rights of constituencies.  In the context of World AIDS Day, “Community-led”, in principle, is an umbrella term that includes PLHIV, key populations, women, youth, and all self-organised groups.   In practice, it focuses on advocacy, campaigning and holding decision-makers to account; promoting service delivery, capacity building, and funding of community-led organisations, groups, and networks. These activities may take place at the global, regional, national, subnational, and grassroots levels.

For the Caribbean, making a difference at the community level has always been driven by the regional response from the inception of the Pan Caribbean Partnership against HIV and AIDS (PANCAP) in 2001.

The four (4) iterations of the Caribbean Regional Strategic Framework (CRSF): 2002-2007, 2008-2012, 2014-2018 and 2019-2025  have provided the blueprint for the Partnership that comprises governments, civil society, private sector representatives, development partners and a specific set of stakeholder groups. Chief among which are parliamentarians, faith leaders, key populations and youth.  The CRSF has consistently acted as guidelines for activities on the ground, which include national and community engagements and through broad-based consultations among its various stakeholders.

PANCAP was the first Regional entity to ever receive a grant from the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) in 2004 while sub-regional partners such as the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States HIV Programme  and  the Caribbean Regional Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS (CRN+) were the first of their kind to also receive support for strengthening the reach of their programmes in the areas of prevention and treatment in 2004 and 2006 respectively. As the umbrella organization PANCAP’s modus operandum involves close engagements with the highest level regional decision making authorities: the Caribbean Heads of Government and the Council of Human and Social Development on which sits Ministers of Health, Education, Culture, Youth and Gender Affairs and which formulates policies that ensure implementation of  CRSF’s  priorities  at country level. With the reduction in donor funding for HIV to the Caribbean based on the classification of high and upper-income countries, PANCAP’s advocacy has contributed in no small measure to the agreement at the 18th Meeting of the CARICOM Council of Ministers of Finance and Planning (July 2018) to make provision for funding the country integrated health priorities that contribute to SDG #3 including  ending AIDS by 2030.

This is the context in which the vital role of the Caribbean Vulnerable Communities Coalition (CVC) in community engagement can best be appreciated

The Caribbean Vulnerable Communities Coalition (CVC) and Community  Engagement

The Caribbean Vulnerable Communities Coalition initially pioneered by the late Dr Robert Carr in 2005 was a spinoff from and supported by PANCAP. It has evolved into the Caribbean Vulnerable Community Coalition  (CVC) with headquarters in Jamaica and joint operation, El Centro Orientación e investigación Integral (COIN) in the Dominican Republic, comprises approximately 40 grassroots civil society groups that work with marginalised populations. These populations are especially vulnerable to HIV due to socioeconomic exclusion, punitive laws and policies,  high levels of violence against women and girls and stigma and discrimination across the Caribbean. CVC has developed a Shared Incident Database (SID) cataloguing human rights violations and providing pro bono legal assistance, community action and outreach in more than 2,668 cases. In addition, it’s training in HIV, Human Rights and Key Population Issues,  in collaboration with UNAIDS and the Caribbean Broadcasting Union,   has advanced the cause of human rights in more than 2000 cases. Among its most prominent roles in community education and media work are to advance human rights for key populations that in collaboration with The University of the West Indies Rights Advocacy Project (URAP) support activism, especially related to high profile cases in the courts of Belize, Guyana, Jamaica and the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

The CARICOM-PANCAP Global Fund grant 2011-2015, which included CVC and COIN and other sub and sub-sub recipients,Global Fund proposal placed emphasis on delivery of health care, especially in the implementation of primary health, including strong community participation. Community involvement in the Caribbean over the years has transitioned from family and community-led financial, social, and psychological support to the establishment of formal community-based HIV support organisations and networks.  It now focuses on testing, education and health promotion at the local level and linkages to health services. Community systems strengthening in the CRSF focuses on supporting critical populations networks, facilitating national programming and outreach specifically to these populations and conducting specific monitoring and evaluation and research.

Convergence: PANCAP and CVC-COIN

What is important to note that in the collaborative PANCAP and CVC-COIN Global Fund grants 2016-2019  they maintained complementarity in the thrust for PANCAP’s engagement with high-level policymakers and CVC and COIN with their focus on community engagements.   However, in the implementation of their respective mandates,  it is clear that the overlap in the visions and missions is reflected in the PANCAP Justice for All programme and Roadmap, supported by CVC-COIN.

 There are no better illustrations of the value of this approach than in PANCAP’s consultations with parliamentarians, faith leaders, youth, key populations, NAP managers and civil society with the support of CVC. The presentation by CVC’s partner, Jamaica Network of Seropositoves, to the PANCAP Parliamentary Forum in Jamaica in February 2019, strongly advocated against the criminalisation of wilful transmission of HIV. CVC interventions in other PANCAP fora have helped to shape the policies for inclusion of access of migrant communities to medicines and services as well as funding more specifically on the policies to reduce the spread of HIV among prisoners through prevention measures and highlighting the evidence of violence against the LGBTI population and the need for equitable policies for sex workers.

What has emerged as the next steps of the PANCAP-CVC-COIN nexus is a project titled, Sustainability of services for key populations in the Caribbean. The grant programme seeks to address the following key challenges in the regional response:

  • Stagnating number of new infections in the region with increasing new infections evident in Belize, Suriname and Guyana, and among men.
  • Inadequate progress linking and maintaining PLHIV on treatment and achieving viral suppression.
  • Declining funding for HIV, including from donors, with the potential to jeopardize the work of CSOs providing services to KPs.
  • Countries have committed to scale up treatment programmes per WHO guidelines to “Treat All”, even as they face rapid declines in donor funding.

Uniqueness of the Caribbean Experience

These are mainly sketches of a vibrant Pan Caribbean Partnership in which CVC plays a critical, even defining its role in community-led responses, protecting the civic space for the vulnerable and marginalised and promoting the growing importance of innovation in the HIV response designed to end the AIDS epidemic.  CVC’s collaboration with and supporting of PANCAP’s Knowledge for Health Programme,  has enhanced the capacity of the Partnership to produce baseline information, treatment and adherence goals policies to prevent or reduce secondary transmission through grassroots programmes that explore the unique history and reality of the marginalised and vulnerable groups.

This uniqueness has the potential of making community engagement and empowerment in the Caribbean a win-win scenario.  In so many ways the Caribbean experience is fully responsive to the clarion call by the new UNAIDS Executive Director, Winnie Byanyima.  During the launch of her first UNAIDS report, “Power to the People” she called on UNAIDS to take significant steps in a new direction,  “the first step is to address inequality and injustices that fuel the HIV epidemic.  We have to address inequality. It cannot be right that some people get treatment and live long lives while others cannot access health care and die.  We need to provide more services — education,  health, social protection.  That is how we will end AIDS”.

PANCAP Blog – Participants reflect on the Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health (CCAYH)

The Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health (CCAYH) was described by participants as a transformative experience.  In this PANCAP Blog, participant Matthew Simon reflects on his amazing experience.

“In October, I was presented with the opportunity to attend the first “Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health” (CCAYH), held in beautiful Port-of-Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. This was the first time that I’ve witnessed mental health being properly addressed as a public health issue.

While technology is my first love, I am also interested in the mysteries of the human mind, in particular, its patterns. Hence, I intended to use the CCAYH to gather more knowledge on this specific topic. The presentations on meticulous research by the presenters were more than fulfilling. Each touched on various issues of mental health, with some addressing trends, others dealing with causes and treatment for mental illnesses.

One positive aspect that I noticed was the higher ratio of youth to older people, which was something that I had never seen before. I am proud that the young participants were given opportunities to provide input in matters which concern them.

Using the information gathered from this congress, as well as inspiration from fellow attendees and presenters, I plan on conducting a study of my own into Caribbean youth’s mental health and behavioural patterns”.

Rebranding and Transforming Youth Leadership

This blog is being written as the first Caribbean Congress on Adolescent and Youth Health (CCAYH) in Port-of-Spain, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago ‪on 15 – 17 October 2019 is in session. The theme of the Congress is “Championing our wealth: promoting the health and well-being of adolescents and youth in the Caribbean”.  The event has attracted approximately 150 youth from across the Region.

Ms Terez Lord, CARICOM Youth Ambassador provided a fundamental challenge to the Congress in her remarks at the opening session  “This Congress, the first of its kind is for youth, by youth, with youth and supported by many agencies.  It is bolstered by the momentum of our time. It is action-oriented and should have decisive follow up. This is not a talk-shop. We must set the basis for no less. Health and well-being are far and wide in reach and impact and must be met with ambitious, future-oriented, systemic regional responses”.

This landmark Congress is being held under the patronage of Mrs Sharon Rowley, Spouse of the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago with the support of several partners including PAHO, UNFPA, UNAIDS, Caribbean Development Bank, PANCAP and the Spouses of Caribbean Leaders Action Network (SCLAN), among others.  We, therefore, await the outcomes of the Congress identified as “regional commitments”, a “vision and core principles” to address the health needs of adolescents and youth, empowering champions and developing “action plans” based on current and emerging priorities. This event promises to lead to a rebranding of Youth Affairs in the Caribbean; a phrase borrowed from the vision of the Hon. Terrence Deyalsingh, Minister of Health who stated that Trinidad and Tobago is rebranding its approach to mental health.

Rebranding here is applied to the broader range of issues at the CCAYH and should be closely aligned to recent international events, especially those which occurred during the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in September. I have provided a sample of programmes and policies at the global level, referred to by many of the speakers at the opening ceremony. These provide useful lessons.

Some Lessons to be learned from recent International Engagements  

The four illustrations are by no means exhaustive but provide some useful signposts for action.

  1. UNGA’s first Summit on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) since they were adopted in 2016. The political declaration, entitled, “Gearing up for a decade of action and delivery for sustainable development,” proclaimed: “We stand firm in our determination to implement the 2030 Agenda as a plan of action for people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership – a plan to free humanity from the tyranny of poverty and heal and secure our planet for future generations.” Many of the speakers, especially Her Excellency Paula-Mae Weekes ORTT, President of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Hon. Terrence Deyalsingh underscored the importance of SDG #3 on Health and wellness referring in particular to the need for the Congress to address Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), Mental Health, suicide among young people and violence against women and girls.
  1. UN General Assembly Political Declaration themed “Universal Health Coverage: Moving Together to build a Healthier World” – This was highlighted in the address by Dr. Carissa F. Etienne, Directorof the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), who underscored that PAHO is striving toward significant achievements over the next decade by  (a) tackling communicable diseases, including HIV and AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, while addressing non-communicable disease and the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance through robust and resilient primary healthcare systems; (b) ensuring  universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services and reproductive rights; (c) protecting  the wellbeing and dignity of women and girls; (d)  changing  the financing paradigm by stepping  up the pace of investment towards Universal Health Care (UHC); and (e) the importance of bold leadership.


  1. Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ HealthForemost among the leadership of this strategy is the UNFPA whose Regional Director, Ms Alyson Drayton amplified how sexual and reproductive health and rights are highlighted in the global programme of the organisation. The Chair of the Spouses of CARICOM Leaders Action Network (SCLAN), Mrs Kim Simplis Barrow also underscored that CARICOM First Ladies place emphasis on these issues and in particular on engaging men and boys in reducing violence against women and girls.


  1. The Lancet journal published “HIV, Health, and Wellness” which is a first of its kind review and meta-analysis that found that HIV continues to disproportionately affect gay, bisexual, and other Men who have sex with men (MSM) throughout Africa. This general conclusion may equally apply to the Caribbean as a whole. The authors evaluated 75 independent studies conducted across 28 countries. They found that HIV awareness, ART coverage, and viral suppression remain too low to reach the UNAIDS 90-90-90 Targets by 2020. Additionally, levels of testing were significantly lower in countries with severe anti-LGBT legislation.

Making Rebranding a Reality: “The Health and Youth of the Region are the Wealth of the Region”    

This conclusion is influenced by an event at the Annual IMF- World Bank Meeting in Washington on October 15, 2019, titled “IMF inspired Generation Z: Finding its Voice”. The leading voice at that session was Natasha Wang Mwansa an 18-year-old dynamo from Zambia. Her pedigree is fully illustrated in the following video: 

It is also a reflection on the aspirational goal advocated by Ambassador Irwin Larocque CARICOM Secretary-General who gave the keynote address at CCAYH. He called for amending the 2000 Nassau Declaration of CARICOM Heads of Government from “the Health of the Region is the Wealth of the Region”  to that of “the Health and Youth of the Region are the Wealth of the Region”.

I could not help thinking that the Secretary-General has provided a fitting way to mark the  10th Anniversary of the presentation to CARICOM Heads of Government in Suriname in  January 2010 where the seminal report of The CARICOM Commission of Youth Development, The Eye on the Future: Investing in Youth Now for Tomorrow’s Community was presented.  The Commission was co-chaired by Hon. Yldiz Pollock Beighle, now Foreign Minister Suriname, and a former CARICOM Youth Ambassador with the late Professor Barry Chevannes.  I, therefore, pose the question: How about making this 10th Anniversary celebration in January or February 2020 an exercise in visioning the rebranding of Youth leadership at CARICOM?  Perhaps at CARICOM’s intercessional meeting of Heads of Government?  How about aligning its mission around the theme: the Health and Youth of the Region are the Wealth of the Region?

Dr Edward Greene

PANCAP Advisor

Biography – Senator The Honourable Mary Isella Isaac

Senator Isaac was born in Saint Lucia and holds Undergraduate Degrees (First Class) in Business Administration and Education and a Master’s Degree in Business Administration from the University of New Brunswick in Canada.

Senator Isaac has spent most of her career in the civil service. Her last posting being that of Chief Complaints and Investigation Officer, Department of Consumer Affairs, Saint Lucia (2002 – 2013).

From 2009 – 2015 she served as President of the Saint Lucia Civil Service Association (CSA). She is also a former President of the Caribbean Consumer Council (CCC).

In 2015, Senator Isaac replaced Lenard Montoute, as an opposition Senator for the United Workers Party (UWP) in the Upper House of the Saint Lucia Parliament.

On 14 June 2016, she was appointed a Government Senator and Minister of Health and Wellness, following the success of the UWP at the 6 June 2016 general elections. Senator Isaac is also the Chair of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States Regional Coordinating Mechanism (OECS RCM) for Global Fund projects and served as the Chair of the PANCAP Executive Board and Regional Coordinating Mechanism during the period June to September 2016.

Make youths the centre of the solution

Editor’s note: Terisa Thompson, former CARICOM Youth Ambassador and member, PANCAP Regional Youth Steering Committee presented the following at the Council for Human and Social Development (COHSOD) in September 2018.  Her appeal for client-centred sexual and reproductive health services for youths received rousing applause and endorsement from the COHSOD.  Read Terisa’s inspired speech below.

Right this minute in your minds, name five young people you know between the ages of 15-24 years.  Now please imagine TWO of that FIVE are one second from help but die because well, they needed permission FIRST; before someone could help to save their lives.

You already know the statistics and the context of the Caribbean youth challenges in relation to sexual and reproductive health.  Please also imagine that in addition to the already mounting debt each of our countries faces, we spent over US$15.9M of our Health Care budgets on HIV Programmes ALONE in 2013, that’s over Jca$1.4 BILLION, and I’m sure that’s still A LOT of resources in other countries in the Caribbean.

I can imagine so many more hospital beds, improved medical facilities, lifesaving surgeries, medical research, other health services that are so desperately needed and could be HUGELY impacted if we saved so much of those resources. That’s approximately a quarter of some Caribbean territories’ entire annual earnings in GDP.

So, on behalf of the millions of young people between 15 and 24 years of age living in the Caribbean, representing 20% of the Region’s population, we are inviting you to help save those TWO youth you thought about earlier and by extension the US15M, by providing access to youth-friendly, client-centred sexual and reproductive health services tailored to young people’s needs by addressing policies and laws regarding the age at which minors can independently access health care and by supporting civil society organisations with the capacity to reach and serve youth .

You can also achieve this by mandating and funding the production of higher quality data and ongoing research on youth outcomes. This includes disaggregating and reporting data by gender, key and vulnerable population and age group to reveal more about young people’s current needs.

This is a historic moment. Youth were not always invited to the discussion and even more so now to influence the policies and decisions, although we have always presented the Region with some of its most expensive issues. But today we are here because of your commitment to youth because you realise that youth understand youth and we are not a problem to be fixed, we are a resource and largely a great part of the solution!

Why community engagement matters

Why is community engagement critical to the work of civil society? Think of a time when the work you had to do was geared towards a specific target group. How did you execute a successful project? Did you have to consult with the target group to ensure the outcome was in line with their needs? Engaging with the community is essential in the advocacy field; after all, how are you going to advocate for a group without knowing the needs of the target group.

Engaging in the community and being engaged in the issues ourselves, makes us aware and open to the different theories regarding the roles and relationships that contribute to it.

Communication and innovation are important in everything we do and are essentially vital components for community engagement and mobilisation to work. Communication strategies are crucial to support relationship building, ensure sustainability and improve understanding of initiatives among the communities. In community engagement, communication is pragmatic as it opens interaction, gives information and creates discussions.  Communication helps people to share their visions and make clear and realistic goals.

The work of J-FLAG falls under five strategic goals which were developed to guide our interventions.

Our five strategic goals are also in line with Jamaica’s 2030 plan, which is a strategic intervention to be achieved by 2030 to make Jamaica the place of choice to live, work, raise families and do business. The work of each department falls under one or more of the five strategic goals of the organisation, and we hope that by the National timeline given, the work we do will allow LGBT Jamaicans to be a part of the vision 2030 tagline.

Our five strategic goals are promoting security, livelihood, health and wellbeing of LGBT citizens, the inclusion of LGBT persons in policy and decision making, service delivery, human rights advocacy and activism and organisational sustainability.

For the organisation to meet its strategic goal every year, the activities and programmes conducted have to fall under these goals. For most, if not all of our activities, community engagement is a part of the beginning phases to guide implementation. After engaging with the community, which serves as an opportunity for information sharing and learning between the community and the organisation, the intervention of the projects and activities would be done to respond to the needs and issues raised.  Following this, an evaluation to test the success of the implemented project or activity would be conducted.

In the work we do at J-FLAG, community engagement is critical in our various interventions.  Regardless of the department doing the activity, engaging the community has allowed us to complete many successful projects, activities and initiatives by responding to the needs identified in the interactions. The support services department, for example, is at the forefront of engaging the community as it is the department that does support services interventions such as responding to instances of human rights violations faced by members of the local LGBT community.

In collecting these reports, engaging with members of the community is essential as it provides individuals with a safe space to report the various attacks that they have experienced. The face-to-face interaction has proven to be beneficial to community members as it allows the receiving and sharing of information between the officer and the client. It also allows for feedback on their experiences in accessing spaces and based on the feedback given, our response may take the form of engaging with these spaces to have discussions on how we can work together to make spaces accessible for the community.

This department is also responsible for the recently concluded Parents’ Sensitisation Sessions.  Due to homophobia and transphobia, it has been a challenge for some LGBT Jamaicans to remain in a healthy and happy family structure. As a result, several LGBT people continue to be displaced, and some become or remain homeless. Ultimately, this impacts on their ability to maintain a healthy and stable relationship with their family. The organisation in this intervention aimed to equip parents with as much information as possible with the hope that it will help them to take a step in repairing the relationship with their LGBT son or daughter.

The parent sensitisation sessions provided a space for parents to have conversations, learn from each other and equip themselves with techniques to deal with their offspring and respond to negative sentiments that might be fielded at them. In the introductory session, a survey was conducted around the discussion topics for the follow-up sessions. By doing this, we were able to get feedback on the discussion topics and what the needs of the parents were.  Then we can tailor the rest of the sessions around those needs.

Over the years, our health team has not only worked with the LGBT community, but healthcare workers and leaders from several public health facilities across the island to address needs raised by community members. Healthcare should be accessible to all, and it should be a space that is free from discrimination and violence. As such, our engagement is not only with the LGBT community but persons working at all levels of the public health system. At the end of 2018, we have successfully trained over 600 healthcare workers across the island, from security officers to medical doctors. This would not have been possible without the partnership of the Ministry of Health and Wellness and the National Family Planning Board. Our partnership for this project started in 2011 with a pilot, and full implementation began in 2013, where just about sixty persons were trained.

In making spaces accessible, we acknowledge the need for engaging the persons providing these services to members of the community, and through education and capacity building, the services provided will be improved, and facilities will be more accessible to the community. What accessibility means to us is that persons are comfortable in accessing the facilities and being treated fair, equally, without discrimination and with respect.

However, let me not rush ahead. Before engaging with the service providers, we have to first engage with the community.

We have to acknowledge that the needs of the community vary significantly across the island. And as such, the information on areas that need intervention will vary and will be a reflection of the challenges faced by community members in that region. After engagement and identifying the issues that need to be addressed, we then move with working at all levels in the healthcare system to ensure that LGBT people can enjoy access to our healthcare facilities. After training has been conducted, a follow-up is done with participants in the form of site visits. Our site visit is an assessment of the healthcare worker’s growth after attending various training activities to ascertain

the application of the knowledge gained and assessing the facilities, looking for IEC materials which serve to disseminate relevant information to other workers and persons accessing the facility on LGBT related topics, and topics which affect everyone such as self-care. Throughout the training, engagement is prioritised to build relationships with healthcare workers. Staff members also make themselves open and available to be contacted for support if individuals have questions and need someone to come in and do a presentation to their colleagues.

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy, which is why, as an organisation, it is important that we provide spaces where LGBT persons can have fun. Our recently concluded 5th Annual Pride Celebration provides this space to LGBT persons across the island, a space to learn, to participate in athletic activities, to volunteer and to party.

“Pride” provides a space for community members to unwind and to engage with each other. Our celebrations also include a sports day, a tradeshow and forum, a day of service and a breakfast party. Each event aims to target different groups in the LGBT community across the island. This also serves as a form of engaging the community but in different ways.

Youths are a fundamental part of every society. J-FLAG has not forgotten our youths in the work that we do. Our youth department focuses on engaging youths, whether LGBT or not, across the island in various discussions that our youths are not always included in at the national level. Our “Building Bridges” series, involves us travelling to different parishes and interacting with youths through partnerships with Youth Information Centers (YICs), Police Youth Clubs and other youth-focused organisations to have discussions on issues such as human rights, mental health, bullying and relationships.

Our engagement with youths also comes in the form of advocacy training, equipping them with tools, and how to not only be an advocate but an effective one.  The youth department also engages national youth leaders to ensure that LGBT youth issues are represented at all levels of the conversations, so that our leaders are aware and willing to do their part in helping to make LGBT youths more included in society.

In summary, community engagement is essential in the advocacy field as it guides the work and interventions we do.  It allows us to be effective in our interventions, it provides a safe space to bring the community together, it serves as a medium for information sharing, and it encourages community members to participate in activities geared towards improving spaces that they access. For us to effectively advocate for groups we work with, to implement projects that will effectively address the issues, we have to interact with those who are living in the situations we are working to improve. Without doing so, we would be working blindly, and the work we are doing would be ineffective.