Component 3: Identification and strengthening of the groups, representing the interest of the migrant population (gender sensitive) and their participation in relevant national and regional HIV-policy planning bodies
Indicator: The number of regional and national HIV steering structures which represent the interest of migrants has increased (value to be determined)

Activities

•    Mapping of migrants, considering geographical allocation, numbers, and socio-cultural aspects with qualitative methods.
•    Analysis of organisations which work with/for migrants in the region and can represent their interests.
•    Support of networks and alliances of these organisations.
•    Development of capacities and competencies for legal representation of migrants with regards to HIV.
•    Convey information on services, laws and legislation to migrants with qualitative methods which are appropriate to reach the target groups.
•    Support of advocacy groups within regional and national HIV steering structures
Milestones
•    Mapping study of the groups of migrants with qualitative/participative methods (geographical distribution, numbers and socio cultural aspects) conducted.
•    Stakeholder analysis of the organisations representing migrants interests is done
•    Legal representations of migrants strengthened
•    Information on services, legislation and rights to migrants is easily available
•    Representation of migrants within the framework of regional and national HIV/AIDS steering structures ensured.

Deliverables

•    Mapping study
•    Analytical review of capacities, programmes, practices and interests of all organisations which work with and for migrants in the region.
•    Training manual and training documentations on rights (international, national) of migrants with regards to access to HIV services.
•    Implementation and evaluation reports of outreach-information campaigns.
•    Public awareness materials on specific legal and health related issues for different migrant groups

Key challenges
 
   
Access to data on undocumented migrants is a general challenge. However, it is particularly elevated with regards to access on data on undocumented workers in the formal sector (i.e. construction, mining, agriculture, tourism, etc.). Neither employers nor employees have an apparent interest in disclosing this information. Key informal interviews offer one opportunity to circumvent this problem. Alternatively, HIV/AIDS workplace programmes and policies offer the chance to gain indirect access to migrant data, as workers access the HIV/AIDS services promoted through the respective programmes / policies.
Diversity: it can be assumed that the interests of the migrant population with regards to HIV are as diverse as the group itself, and as are its vulnerabilities to HIV. This may make it necessary to channel lobbying processes to representatives of sub-groups of migration, rather than through “the” migrants as such. This could lead to difficulties in the bundling of activities.
Confidentiality of data: not to further enhance discrimination against migrants or even  their prosecution, it needs to be ensured that the Consultant and PANCAP through the  intermediate partners remains a strong steward of the data that will be generated. With regards to undocumented migrants and sex workers in particularly, the securing confidentiality of data and data protection are crucial in enhancing access to target groups in future.

Intervention Logic

Migrants living with HIV (both registered and undocumented) can be characterized as "vulnerable" because they are more likely to suffer from negative consequences in the event of external shocks, which can range from unexpected illnesses to natural disasters. Essentially, they are subject to greater risk. More often than with other groups, an unanticipated shock can drive a vulnerable individual or community into severe illness and thus into poverty. Vulnerable groups are particularly disempowered, as they are less likely to be formally represented or have a voice in decision-making. Therefore, targeted efforts are often needed to empower vulnerable groups. These efforts can improve people's ability to effectively handle negative externalities as they arise and help them to ensure that their needs are considered in planning for unanticipated situations.

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