Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
- Created on Wednesday, 11 April 2012 14:13
- Published on Wednesday, 11 April 2012 14:13
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The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) is Canada’s lead agency for development assistance. It has a mandate to support sustainable development in developing countries in order to reduce poverty and to contribute to a more secure, equitable, and prosperous world.
CIDA works in partnership around the world to support sustainable development in developing countries and to offer humanitarian assistance in areas of need.
Since the founding of the United Nations in October 1945 and of specialized agencies following World War II, Canada has been supporting the development efforts of partner countries and organizations around the world.
- In 1968, CIDA was formed to administer the bulk of Canada's Official Development Assistance (ODA) program in Africa, the Middle East, the Americas, and Asia.
- In 1995, CIDA took on the responsibility of administering Canada's Official Assistance (OA) programs Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union—countries in transition—by supporting democratic development and economic liberalization.
- In 2005, Canada released Canada’s International Policy Statement (IPS).
o The international policy statement refined CIDA’s approach to development through five priority sectors: good governance, health (with a focus on HIV/AIDS), basic education, private sector development, and environmental sustainability— all implemented with gender equality as a crosscutting theme. These priorities respond to the needs expressed by developing countries and will help Canada better contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
o By 2010, Canada will also concentrate at least two thirds of its country-to-country (bilateral) development assistance on 25 development partner countries, 14 of which are in Africa.
All CIDA’s policies and programs:
- advance Canadian values of global citizenship, equity, and environmental sustainability, as well as Canadian interests regarding security, prosperity, and governance;
- deliver a visible, durable impact on the world's key development challenges as identified in the Millennium Development Goals;
- focus on reducing poverty through an effective and focused approach that matches Canadian resources and expertise to developing countries' needs in coordination with other donors;
- recognize and promote sustainable solutions to address the critical linkages between environmental degradation, poverty, and social inequity; and
- mobilize Canadians in dialogue and participation to build our society's capacity to contribute effectively to global poverty reduction.